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5. High and Late Northern Synopsis: art 162 honors

Renaissance and Baroque Map

With the twin links of trade and the religious heritage of the Church, the classical conceptions of the Italian Renaissance spread out into the farther reaches of the old Roman Empire. But the Reformation instigated by Luther and advanced by Gutenburg's innovative printing process caused a distinctive difference in style between the regions. As the Reformation gained strength, a rejection of the traditional iconography of the Church resulted in the North turning to combinations of portraiture and genre and religious subjects, rendered in painstaking, exacting naturalistic realism with the deep coloration of oils.

- DJB

HIGH & LATE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE 1500 - 1600
Sixteenth-Century Art in Nothern Europe & Spain



TERMS
Reformation - Religious movement that promoted reformation of practices within Catholic Church and eventually resulted in Protestant shism
Martin Luther - German priest and leader of Protestant reformers
Alexander and Darius - Kings of Greece and Persia, respectively, whose armies met in the Battle of Issus, 376 CE
Anamorphic image - a deliberately distorted image that must be viewed from a certain viewpoint or optical device


Slides

Matthias Grunewald, 1480 - 1528
Isenheim Altarpiece, Oil on wood, center panel 9’9 1/2” x 10’9” c. 1510-1515

Albrecht Durer, 1471 - 1528
Self Portrait / 1498 & 1500
Four Horsement of the Apocalypse, woodcut, 151/4” xli”, c. 1497-98
The Fall of Man, (Adam and Eve,) engraving, 10” x 7 1/2”, 1504
Knight, Death, and the Devil, engraving, 9 5/8 “x 73/8”, 1513
Melancholia I, engraving, 9 3/8 “x 6 5/8” 1514
Four Apostles, Oil on panel, 7’l” c 2’6”, 1526

Albercht Altdorfer, 1480 - 1538
Battle of Issus, Oil on wood, 4’4 1/4” x 3’ 11 1/4” 1529

Hans Holbein the Younger, 1497 - 1543
The French Ambassadors, Oil and tempera on wood, 6’S” x 6’9 1/2” 1533
Portrait of Henry VIII, 1536
Christina of Denmark, 1538 & Anne of Cleves, 1539

Jean Clouet (ca. 1485 - 1541)
Francis I. Tempera and oil on panel, 3’2” x 2’S”, 1525 - 1530.

Jan Gossaert, 1478 - 1535
St. Luke Painting the Virgin, 1528

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, 1528 - 1569
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, 1554-55
Hunters in the Snow, Oil on wood, 46” x 64” 1565
Blind Leading the Blind, 1568

El Greco, Domenikos Theotokopoulos, 1547 - 1614
Burial of Count Orgaz, Oil on canvas, 16’ x 12’, 1586

 

Links:

The Altarpiece (info and links)

Matthias Grunewald
http://www.anthroposophy.org.nz/Sections/Medical/Grunewald.htm

Disputing David Hockney's claims of Old Master use of the camera lucida...
(applies to Jan van Eyck, Hans Holbein the Younger, & Jan Vermeer)

http://www.newcastle.edu.au/discipline/fine-art/theory/analysis/lucida-x.htm

Notes:


Source: (A-40)