Etruscan art (Northern Italy) displays the influence of Greek art in its cast-bronze pieces, as well as terra-cotta and marble sculpture. "Apollo" is reminiscent of archaic kouroi statues, though he is partially clothed. Sarcophagi from this region also display Greek influence in their attention to detail. The Scythians (north of Black Sea) traded with the Greeks, whose influence is noted in their animal style figurines. The Neo-Babylonian leader Nebuchadnezzar II built his own form of temples in the near East. The Persians combined Mede, Mesopotamian, Egyptian, and Greek styles with their own to create a new art. The imperial complex at Persepolis is an example of this combined style.
Tufa - volcanic stone, easy to quarry and hardens when exposed to air
Drawing of a typical Etruscan temple as described by Vitruvius
Apulu (Apollo), Portonaccio Temple, Veii, Painted terracotta, approx. 5ll c. 510-500 B.C.
Sarcophagus with reclining couple, Cerveteri, Fainted terracotta, 3 9 1/2, c. 520 B.C.
Cinerary statue, 5th - 4th cent. B.C.
Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerveteri, third cent. B.C.
Flutist, detail of mural painting in Tomb of the Leopards, Tarquinia, c. 480 - 470 B.C.
Hunting and Fishing, detail of mural Tomb of Hunting and Fishing, Tarquinia c. 530 - 520 B.C.
<<<Capitoline Wolf, Bronze, approx. 2 71/2h. c. 500-480 B.C.
Chimera of Arezzo, Bronze, approx. 2 7 1/2h. first half of fourth cent. B.C.
Ficoroni Cista, by Novios Plautios, Bronze, approx. 2 6h. late fourth cent. B.C
Port Augusta, Perugia 2nd cent. B.C.
Aule Metele, Bronze, from Sanguineto, approx. 5 7h. early first cent. B.C.
DJB Quick Notes:
~ developed own city states, with no unification
~ Estruscans were great sailors (pirates) and traders
~ known from burial sites (limited resources)
~ very architecture left
DJB In-Depth Notes: